Robots in society (A series of information seminars on robotics)Detailed programme Registration
The role of robots is evolving rapidly from their industrial manufacturing roots to a wide variety of service applications where close human-robot interaction is needed. A key feature of robots is that they possess a “degree of autonomy” and hence can have the capability to make independent decisions for fulfilling their intended task. Good examples are physical assistant robots which are “personal care robots that physically assist a user in performing required tasks by providing supplementation or augmentation of personal capabilities”, these are planned to help with personal mobility for maintaining independence and quality of life of elderly persons. Other examples include medical robots for surgery, or rehabilitation of patients or provide support to disabled persons (such as mobility of amputees or education of children with autism). Even driverless cars and drones can come under the “robotics agenda”. How the new emerging robots and their autonomous capabilities should be introduced in the various applications is causing a variety of concerns relating to safety, ethics, and law.
The main areas of focus of the second seminar of the series are:
- Industrial robots
- Mobile robots
- Service robots
Dr. Raphael Grech
One of the main challenges with existing manufacturing processes is that they are designed for high volume streamlined products. Existing processes and machinery are unsuitable for handling small batches or bespoke designs due to the time and effort required in tool changeover, complexity in parts handling, logistics flow and the amount of human interaction required. This talk will look at how intelligent and adaptable automation systems can be developed for advanced manufacturing processes requiring human-robot interaction within a safe dynamic environment and how they can be integrated and run alongside existing work practices. We will look at current and coming technologies on human-robot interaction, existing safety standards and where we need to be in order to have a safe and practical human-robot collaboration. Advanced robotic manipulators and intelligent sensing technologies would provide increased flexibility to manufacturing systems, giving them the ability to think and act autonomously in a safe manner.
Prof. Tariq Sattar,
London South Bank University
Reliable Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) is vital to the integrity, performance management and sustainability of capital assets in safety critical industries such as oil and gas, aerospace, transportation, power generation and off-shore and subsea operations. The presentation will show climbing and swimming robots developed to detect weld and corrosion defects on ship hulls, floating platforms, mooring chains, petrochemical storage tanks, pressure vessels, concrete structures, wind blades and aircraft wings and fuselages. Such developments provide the possibility of making huge saving by reducing outage times or carrying out the NDT in-service thus preventing expensive outages.
Dr Simon Watson,
This presentation gives an overview of the types of mobile robots which are being developed to support the decommissioning of nuclear sites like Sellafield and Fukushima. There are significant challenges in deploying robots to characterise potentially radioactive environments, such as size, payload, power, communications, localisation and the effects of radiation. A number of novel platforms are being developed to investigate these areas and provide information which can be used to plan retrievals and decommissioning.
Prof. Gurvinder S. Virk
CLAWAR & InnotecUK
The presentation gives an overview of robotics from its early roots in traditional industrial manufacturing applications through the growing need for mobile robots to the current growing interest in service robots for both medical and non-medical scenarios. Throughout these developments, the technical and non-technical challenges have grown and how these are being addressed will be described. In the main, the design basis for the traditional applications has been to keep robots and humans apart due to safety concerns. More recently, the trend is towards involving close human-robot interactions to realise service robots for assistive applications especially to address the global ageing society problems. These have led to new ISO robot standardization projects and activities to address growing ethical concerns.
He has held several grants from national and European sources (total value ≈€20m), as well as industry. He has produced over 350 papers in these areas and 14 books, and 16 successfully supervised PhDs. Prof Virk is also a key actor in robot standardisation and is currently Convenor of several international robot standardisation groups, namely:
ISO TC299/SG1 Gaps and structure
ISO TC299/WG2 Personal care robot safety, 2006-2016
IEC TC62/SC62A & ISO TC299/ JWG9 Medical electrical equipment and systems using robotic technology (medical robots)
ISO TC299/ JWG5 Medical robot safety
ISO TC299/WG6 Modularity for service robots
These groups are developing important standards for new emerging robots.
Dr Sanja Dogramadzi,
Dr Isabel Ferreira,
Lisbon Univ, Portugal
In the last decade, several studies have reported the apparent benefits of the inclusion of robotic technology in children and teenagers’ learning environments. The experience already provided by field tests covering not only STEM topics but many others, as vocabulary and language learning, have generally shown that robots can make a learner-centered class more enjoyable, increasing motivation levels and fostering the curiosity and autonomy of students. Stemming from the state of the art in what concerns the deployment of robots in the educational domain, the presentation will focus the benefits and also the potential critical factors that the deployment of robotics, namely social robotics, at school, can involve.
Dr Sarah Fletcher,
London South Bank University
For details of how to find the venue, please click on the link below:
David Rippon; firstname.lastname@example.org
Peter Dudley; email@example.com
Helen Simon; firstname.lastname@example.org
Jean Irvine; email@example.com
Nigel Lewis; firstname.lastname@example.org
BCS The Chartered Institute for IT promotes wider social and economic progress through the advancement of information technology science and practice (see www.bcs.org).
WCIT is the 100th City of London Livery Company with the aim to promote the IT industry for contributing to the greater good of society (see www.wcit.org.uk).
CLAWAR is a UK registered charity with the mission: “The advancement of education and science for the public benefit in the field of robotics and associated technologies” (see www.clawar.org)